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Oregon Farm Direct

This state's cottage food law is restricted, so it is not available to everyone!

The Farm Direct Bill in Oregon is for processors that grow the primary ingredients of what they produce, and it allows them to bypass licensing and fee requirements. For instance, this law would work well for an individual that grows strawberries in their garden and wants to sell the strawberry jelly they make at home.

The law limits farm direct marketers to $20,000 per year of sales of acidified foods, and it limits the types of foods allowed to mostly canned goods and produce. This law isn’t for everyone, but Oregon does have a cottage food law and domestic kitchen laws that allow almost anyone to sell certain types of food out of their home.

Selling

Farm direct marketers can allow other farm direct marketers to sell some types of foods on consignment.

Allowed Foods

The only ingredients which may be purchased and added to your products (other than the primary ingredients that were grown by the producer) are herbs, spices, salt, vinegar, pectin, lemon or lime juice, honey, and sugar.  Garlic, onion, and celery are not allowed, as they do not qualify as spices.

Producers may not commingle their grown goods with other producers.

Only "non-potentially hazardous" foods are allowed, but certain non-PHFs may not be allowed. Most foods that don't need to be refrigerated (foods without meat, cheese, etc.) are considered non-potentially hazardous. Learn more

Limitations

Limitations
Sales are limited to $20,000 per year
The $20,000 limit only applies to acidified foods

Business

Acidified Foods Testing

If your recipe for an acidified food does not use an approved process, you must get your product testing by a process authority.

Although no licensing is necessary, farm direct marketers must maintain records for some types of products, including batch testing. The records must be maintained for three years.

Labeling

Sample Label

Chocolate Chip Cookies

"This product is homemade and is not prepared in an inspected food establishment"
"Not for resale"


Forrager Cookie Company

123 Chewy Way, Cookietown, OR 73531


Ingredients: enriched flour (wheat flour, malted barley flour, niacin, iron, thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), butter (cream, salt), semi-sweet chocolate (sugar, chocolate, cocoa butter, milkfat, soy lecithin, natural flavors), brown sugar, granulated sugar, eggs, vanilla extract (vanilla bean extract, alcohol, sugar), baking soda, salt (salt, calcium silicate)


Contains: milk, eggs, wheat, soy


NET WT 2 lb 4 oz (1.02 kg)


Certain foods require a slightly abbreviated statement on the label: “This product is not prepared in an inspected food establishment” and “Not for resale”

Workplace

Some processing of your products can happen on-site at an event, like roasting peppers, grilling corn, or popping popcorn. However, these items cannot be sold for immediate consumption.

Resources

Contacts

Sarah Schwab

Job Title
Operations & Automation Specialist
Organization
Food Safety Program, ODA
Email
[email protected]
Telephone
503-986-4569

Will Fargo

Job Title
Food Safety Inspector & Cottage Food and On-farm Specialist, Oregon City
Organization
Food Safety Program, ODA
Email
[email protected]
Telephone
503-232-1014
Law Dates
January 2012
HB 2336

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Comments

I’ve always been a little confused. So the $20,000 income cap…Would I be able to sell $20,000 in produce and jams under Farm Direct AND $20,000 in baked goods like breads scones and pies under Cottage Law? Or is it a straight across the board (total combined) $20,000?

Hi David! Is kombucha something that could be sold either under the farm direct bill or the cottage law bill. Other than sugar and the SCOBY, the ingredients would be produced on my property. Thanks!

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