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Missouri

Cottage Food Law

Missouri’s cottage food law (SB 525) went into effect on August 28th, 2014 that allows cottage food operations across the state. Previously, a few counties in Missouri allowed cottage food operations, even though there was no statewide law.

Under this law, individuals can only sell their products directly to consumers, which includes sales from home and at events. They can only sell baked goods, jams, jellies, and dry herbs, which is relatively limited compared to other states. Cottage food operations can sell up to $50,000 of products per year.

Although the law is somewhat limited, it’s a big improvement over the sporadic county ordinances that Missouri’s had in the past.

A new bill (HB 410) was proposed in 2017 which would have allowed online sales, but it never passed through the Senate.

Selling

All sales must be direct (in-person) transactions to the final consumer. Internet sales are specifically prohibited.

Starting a cottage food business?

DOWNLOAD THIS FREE GUIDE

Top 10 Mistakes To Avoid When Starting A Cottage Food Business

(Some of them just might surprise you!)

Allowed Foods

Most baked goods that do not require refrigeration are allowed.

Only "non-potentially hazardous" foods are allowed, but certain non-PHFs may not be allowed. Most foods that don't need to be refrigerated (foods without meat, cheese, etc.) are considered non-potentially hazardous. Learn more

Limitations

Limitations
Sales are limited to $50,000 per year

Business

No permit, inspection, or training from the health department is needed, but there may be other local requirements, such as a business license.

A local health department is not allowed to regulate a cottage food operation, but they can investigate a potential foodborne disease or outbreak.

Labeling

Sample Label

The label must state that the food was not inspected by the state or local health department.


Forrager Cookie Company

123 Chewy Way, Cookietown, MO 73531

Resources

Law Dates
August 2014
SB 525

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Starting a cottage food business?

DOWNLOAD THIS FREE GUIDE

Top 10 Mistakes To Avoid When Starting A Cottage Food Business

(Some of them just might surprise you!)

Comments

    I’m 99.9% certain that you can’t sell to a school. Aside from the cottage food law being intended for sales to individuals, public schools have strict guidelines about where they can source their food.

It is my understanding that some cities are requiring a business license and stopping cottage operators from proceeding forward calling out zoning issues. What is the point of having the cottage law statewide if they can do this? Do me it would seem they can’t do that since it overrides the state law.

    It is very common (and I would say appropriate) for CFOs to need a business license.

    Zoning laws would not be able to override this statewide law IF there was any language in the law that prevented them from doing this. It is common for CFOs to be stopped because of zoning laws, and therefore, some states (like Texas) have placed language in their law that prevents any local authority from disallowing CFOs. Missouri’s law only prevents health depts from regulating CFOs, so therefore, zoning issues could prevent a CFO from operating.

Trying to find out if I need a license in st louis county I’ve been looking and having no luck finding answers can anyone help?

How are fudge and marshmallows not allowed? How was this confirmed? I’m a little sad, because I had been selling those, and they’re fairly popular. :( I’m also confused, because fudge is essentially the same as frosting (butter, milk, cocoa, vanilla), and I know I can use frosting on my cakes. If I could get some insight on those, that would be great!

Also, I’m SO HAPPY that I no longer have to put ingredients on the labels! :D

    It’s confirmed in the law, simply because the law only allows baked goods, jams, jellies, and herbs, and nothing else. It’s true that “baked goods” generally include frosting along with them; however, frosting can simply be sugar and water. I’m unsure if a frosting that contains milk would be allowed… for instance, CA doesn’t allow those. MO hasn’t clearly specified the correct interpretation of the law, and you would need to contact the health dept for clarification.

    Can you provide any more info? I see a couple bills that appeared in the last legislation with a proposed effective date of August 28, but it looks like one only passed the House and the other didn’t make it to the House, so neither passed the Senate or were signed into law. I’ll change this page to reflect those updates.