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cottage food community

Ohio

Ohio’s cottage food law does not require any licensing from the ag department, and there is no sales limit, but the law limits producers in other ways. Rather than allowing all direct sales, operations can only sell their items at specific types of venues, which does include a couple indirect (wholesale) channels, like selling to a restaurant. Also, Ohio is very specific about what types of food an operation can make. After being expanded in 2009, the allowed foods list is now fairly comprehensive.

Interestingly, Ohio also has a law for home bakeries that want to sell perishable baked goods, like cheesecakes and cream pies.

Selling

The only “retail stores” that can sell your products are grocery stores and restaurants. Restaurants may also use your products in their food items.

“Events” must be government-organized festivals or celebrations that do not last longer than seven consecutive days. You cannot sell your products at privately-sponsored events, like craft fairs or flea markets.

In addition to farmers markets, you can sell at farm markets and farm product auctions.

The law is not clear about online sales. If online sales are allowed, they likely need to be fulfilled in-person, either via pickup or delivery. Contact the ag dept for more clarification.

Allowed Foods

If you want to sell perishable baked goods, you can become a home bakery.

The only syrups allowed are maple and sorghum syrup. Syrups and honey cannot be sold in stores or restaurants, and they must contain at least 75% of product from your own trees or hives.

Only "non-potentially hazardous" foods are allowed, but certain non-PHFs may not be allowed. Most foods that don't need to be refrigerated (foods without meat, cheese, etc.) are considered non-potentially hazardous. Learn more

Limitations

Limitations
There is no sales limit

Your kitchen may only have one oven or double oven.

Business

No license from the ag department is required, but there may be other local requirements, like a business license.

Labeling

Sample Label

Chocolate Chip Cookies

"This product is home produced." (10-point type)


Forrager Cookie Company

123 Chewy Way, Cookietown, OH 73531


Ingredients: enriched flour (wheat flour, malted barley flour, niacin, iron, thiamin mononitrate, riboflavin, folic acid), butter (cream, salt), semi-sweet chocolate (sugar, chocolate, cocoa butter, milkfat, soy lecithin, natural flavors), brown sugar, granulated sugar, eggs, vanilla extract (vanilla bean extract, alcohol, sugar), baking soda, salt (salt, calcium silicate)


NET WT 2 lb 4 oz (1.02 kg)


If the business name is listed in a local telephone directory, the street address may be omitted or replaced with a PO box.

If a nutritional claim is made on the label, a nutrition facts panel must be included.

Labeling Info & Sample

Labeling Laws (ORC 3715.023)

Resources

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Comments

I want to start a once a week pasta pickup business out of my kitchen. The pasta and toppings will be fully cooked and the meal will include a salad and baguette. What license and labels do I need? Do I need a label that says, “Home produced”.

Our ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PTO is holding a community craft fair on a Saturday. What are the requirements for our bake sale table at the craft fair? Are we considered “cottage food operator” for that day? Or Are we allowed to list ingredients on label and take donations for the baked goods?

    If all of the proceeds from the sale go to a cause (like the school), there should be an exemption to allow you to do that without licensing. http://forrager.com/faq/#nonprofit

    If you are personally profiting from the sales, then you would need to follow this law, and you’d probably need to register with the county as a business.

Are no bake cookies allowed for cottage foods? They normally do not need to be refrigerated but to sell them at farmers markets they would be due to the heat. What are the requirements for these?

I plan on starting a bagel delivery service I plan on doing this from home, the Bengals I will be getting are partially baked by another company and then I would complete the baking since it’s not prepared in my home I still have to label it as if it were?

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